The 30 pieces of silver were the price for which Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus of Nazareth, according to an account from the Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 26, of the New Testament.
It is not known exactly what kind of coins Judah received, but some calculations have been done to determine the amount of money represented by silver in our day.
Donald Wiseman suggests two possibilities – the tetradrachm of Tire and the stetar of Antioch.
Shekelul de Tir/Tetradrahma it is composed of 94% pure silver, weighing 14 grams, and one alone would be worth $355.32.
The Stater of Antioch it is composed of 75% pure silver, weighing 15 grams and would be worth only $303.80 alone.
Most of the Jews avoided the use of Roman coins, i.e. the dinar, because they considered them as coins defiled coins.
Instead, they preferred tetradrahma of Tir , also known as the shekel of Tyre, which would have had his face Austustus (emperor of the Roman Empire between 27 BC – 14 AD).
Most likely, Judas would have received it 30 of tetradrahm.
According to the calculation carried out by the website TestamentPress, 30 tetradrachms from the 1st century AD. would currently equate to $5,220that is 4,787.87 euro.
In the Gospel of Matthew, chapter 20, according to a parable of Jesus, the owner of a vineyard hired workers. He promised the first one a dinar, the one who came later, another dinar, and the one who came last, almost in the evening – another dinar.
Since a day’s work in the vineyard, at that time, was paid for one dinar, and one dinar was 30 tetradrachms, it means that 30 tetradrachms were worth about 90 days of work.
The average working day in Roman Judea was six hours and one dinar was paid for this day’s salary.
Based on the US federal minimum wage of $7.25 an hour, that would mean workers were paid $43 a day for six hours.
A Roman dinar weighed about 4.5 grams in silver; the tetradrachm weighed 16 – 17 grams in silver.
In conclusion, in 1st century Judea, a laborer received a denarius for a day’s work.
As Judas received 30 tetradrachms, o tertradrachm was worth between 3 and 4 dinars.
30 tetradrachms = 90 dinars = 90 days of work.
According to Alateia, the betrayal of Jesus would have cost approximately 3,000 dollars or 2,700 euros.
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