In addition to 2024 bringing a number of legislative changes that will affect every motorist, motorways and first class roads will be opening and starting. And by the current republic’s standards, these will be quite decent numbers.
Road opening 2023/2024
We remind you that in 2023, 15.4 km of highways and 54.8 km of first-class roads were commissioned. Examples include increasing the capacity of the Loun bypass, opening the south-eastern bypass of Havlíčkova Brod, completing the second stage of the D8 motorway near Zdib, connecting Lechovice with Znojmo via road 1/53 and others.
In 2024, 118.1 km of highways and 29 km of first-class roads are planned to open. This will, for example, involve increasing the capacity of the D7 highway near Chlumčan, the interchange of the D6 Krupá highway, and the opening of a substantial part of the D4 (direction to the south of Bohemia) and D3 (below Budějovice), as well as the D55 heading from Zlín to the border. And from Olomouc to Frýdek-Místek it should also go continuously along the D48 highway.
Start of road construction 2024
From the point of view of the start of construction, the most essential. Highway D11 heading to Poland, other sections of D6 leading to Karlovy Vary, Highway D0 (Prague ring road) eastern part of Běchovice–D1, another section of D35 that will one day connect Hradec Králové and Olomouc, the final section of D3 heading to the southern borders and others.
In terms of first-class roads, bypasses and intersections, expect construction to begin in Hradec Králové, where after decades the construction of the all-important Mileta intersection will begin, which will either result in streamlining traffic or setting the city on fire. The bypass will be built in, for example, Náchod, Sezemice, Plasy, Bruntál. The northern link awaits in České Budějovice, however, digging will also be done in Pilsen or Bečov nad Teplou.
Financing of road construction
You are probably wondering where the money will come from for these construction and maintenance works. Well, according to the Ministry of Transport, there will be a record budget for 2024. So we hope that it will really be like that and the money will not disappear into black holes.
The state fund for transport infrastructure (including railways) is to dispose of the sum of 150.5 billion, of which 26 billion is to be debt financing and 32.1 billion to be allocated from the coffers of the European Union.
From this budget, less than 100 billion should go to investment expenses (e.g. new roads, railways) and the rest to non-investment expenses, which are e.g. energy, repair and maintenance, printing and publishing services and the like.
According to the statement of the Ministry of Transport, the budget also includes a contribution for the regions for their roads II. and III. class, within which the regions will divide four billion crowns in 2024. More than one billion crowns will then go to railway carriers to support the introduction of the unified European ETCS security system.
The new DESÚ office
We do not end there, as the Directorate of Roads and Highways (it will be transformed into a state enterprise) should have 79 billion in its coffers, so there is a prospect that it will be built, built and built again. Namely, about 184 km of highways and 64 km of first-class roads are currently under construction in the Czech Republic.
The year 2024 is the year of the establishment of a new office with the abbreviation DESÚ. The Transport and Energy Building Authority will take over the agenda for zoning management and building permits and will also be the administrative authority for appeals against decisions of regional building authorities for non-reserved constructions of transport and energy infrastructure.
The new office will take over the expropriation proceedings from the municipalities and the assessment of public health protection in buildings from the regional hygiene stations. Again, this should bring more efficiency with everything under one roof.